The normal adult swallowing process includes four phases: (Some clinicians include a pre-oral phase which would then include five (5) swallowing phases instead of four (4). Difficulty swallowing in adults Difficulty swallowing is usually the result of damage to the esophagus, blockage of the esophagus, or poor function of the nerves and muscles that control swallowing. Find possible causes of difficulty swallowing based on specific factors. Check one or more factors on this page that apply to your symptom.
describe structures, spaces, and function of the oral phases as well as pharyngeal phase of adult swallowing describe normal function of the esophagus during swallow of liquids and solids discuss the relationship between safety and efficiency of swallowing. SLPs employ many strategies when working with adults to address feeding and swallowing disorders. From evaluation through treatment, SLPs must consider the impact of alterations to foods, liquids, positioning, and more on swallowing efficiency and safety.
The scope of this page is swallowing disorders in adults (18+). See the Dysphagia evidence map for summaries of the available research on this topic. A swallowing disorder, known as dysphagia, may occur as a result of various medical conditions. Overview Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) means it takes more time and effort to move food or liquid from your mouth to your stomach. Dysphagia may also be associated with pain. In some cases, swallowing may be impossible.
Swallowing Disorders in Adults Swallowing disorders can lead to health issues and social problems. Speech-language pathologists, or SLPs, help people who have trouble swallowing.